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  ABOUT birsa agriculture university
   
 

Agricultural education was first started in Bihar in 1945 with the establishment of Bihar Agricultural College at Sabour in the district of Bhagalpur. Later on, it was realised that the agricultural situation and features of the plateau region of South Bihar is different from the rest of Bihar. Hence there was a need of a second college for this region. Ranchi Agricultural College was established in 1955, Ranchi Veterinary College in 1962 and College of Forestry in 1980. Considering the importance of agricultural education for the agricultural development of the state, the first Agricultural University in Bihar - Rajendra Agricultural University was started in1971 with its headquarters at Pusa. In view of the specific agriculture features of Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas, the establishment of a second Agricultural University, for this region of the Bihar State, was conceived.

Birsa Agricultural University was established on 26th June, 1981 after its formal inauguration by the then Prime Minister of India, Late Smt. Indira Gandhi. Its primary objective is to develop area specific technologies and manpower in the field of agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry for the agricultural development of the plateau region of Bihar and economic upliftment of tribal and other backward class population of the region. The programmes and activities of education, research and extension are carried out through three faculties (Agriculture, Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry and Forestry) with thirty five departments, College of Biotechnology, six Directorates, three Zonal Research Stations and farms, one University farm, sixteen Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Computer Centre, Central Library and other infrastructure and service units. Being a completely residential university, hostels for boys and girls, and residential facilities for Teachers/Scientists and supporting staff have been provided in the campus

Jharkhand's key social indicators such as literacy, employment, infant mortality and child nutrition are quite below the all India averages. The composition of the poor has been changing and rural poverty is getting concentrated in the agricultural labour and artisan households and urban poverty is the casual labour households. The extent of deprivation is higher in Jharkhand as compared to the rest of India and higher in rural areas than in urban areas. The average power consumption is only 30kwh per capita, the lowest in India as compared to 373 kwh per capita as national average. Only 23 percent of households have access to electricity compared with all India average of 59 percent while, in rural Jharkhand areas it is less than 10 percent. The tribal groups in Jharkhand have the highest poverty intensity in India which is higher than the ST groups in other Indian states which leads to the labour migration to the other parts of the country.

Indeed, a major problem of farmers of the Jharkhand state is that, as agriculture is considered as a family tradition, a majority of the farmers continue to practice what their forefathers or their neighbours practiced. There is a need for change. Agriculture must be considered as an enterprise, which should have a sound management back-up. As in any other enterprise, there should be proper planning about demand forecast, choice of technology, inventory of resources, need for external inputs, skill level of available human resources and their training needs, infrastructure and services needed for carrying out various operations and marketing. This change in the mind set among the farmers and Agricultural Extension Agencies is the primary step for promoting successful entrepreneurship in agriculture.

In today's global knowledge economy, people and institutions have immediate access to inventions that have already been introduced in other countries. Countries are faced with the challenge not only of spurring invention domestically or identifying existing inventions abroad that can be adapted to the local environment, but also of creating the conditions that allow the invention to be coupled with entrepreneurship, so that the economic and social wealth creation potential of the invention can be realized. Business incubation is one of many tools aimed at fostering innovative enterprise creation and growth. The innovation system framework emphasizes sufficient linkages between universities, industry, agencies and Government in order to spur and to bring innovation to market. Expanding upon this thought, effective coupling of innovative technologies and entrepreneurship requires what can be described as an ecosystem with active linkage between financiers, academia, policymakers, and the business community.

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