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  ABOUT Business Planning Development

One of the mandates of the Birsa Agricultural University established in June1981 is to develop and promote the application of modern agricultural technology for improving the agricultural situation of the region and socio-economic status of tribal and other weaker sections of the society through various extension programmes. This year the university has gone one step ahead in line with the National Agriculture Innovation project (NAIP) of the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) and will promote the development of entrepreneurship in farmers. Agri-business is a new concept that the university will be undertaking in the coming years in order to ensure that the farmers in the state flourish through agri-business ventures along with farming. The University has identified many technologies which can be developed for agri business activities in Jharkhand and other Eastern States.


The University also realizes the need for complimenting the strengths of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for farmers, consumer and institution welfare and a “Win-Win” situation for commercial viability and economic growth of agriculture as an industry where farmer will immensely benefit. Therefore the Birsa Agricultural University had launched the Business Planning and Development Unit under the aegis of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). In this project entrepreneurs will be identified to develop agri business activities in Jharkhand state by selecting appropriate technologies. The BPD functions as a technology business incubator in the field of technologies for commercialization in the field of agriculture and allied sectors. The BPD Unit was converted to BPD-BAU Society on 20th June 2014 under Society Registration Act XXI-1860.


The National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of the country consisting of ICAR Institutes, State (SAUs) & Central Agricultural Universities (CAUs), NGOs and Private Sector Organizations has been the back bone of the country’s agriculture development and instrumental in achieving self sufficiency in food, feed, milk, poultry, fish and animal products. Inventions and innovations are the cornerstones of successful competitive product technology and development leading to increased production/profitability or advancement in science which need testing, scaling up and validation to make it usable by industry. A lot of creative support, exchange of known-how, market survey support and network and scaling up of the technology to turn it into a profitable business is required for turning an invention into final product/process/technology which can be useful, adopted and practiced by the end users.

Relevance for Jharkhand- State’s Profile

Jharkhand at present has 24 districts and 32,620 villages. The total population of the state is 32.96 million, a sizeable proportion of which is tribal. Jharkhand is a new State with immense possibilities of development of Industrial and Agricultural sector. Out of 10.13 million working population, 76.86% are engaged in Agriculture. Vast working force and natural resources are able to produce food grain to meet only 50% requirement. Water is the major constraint in agricultural land along with soil erosion. On account of topography and agro-climatic conditions, the region of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas is suitable for horticultural crops. Thirty nine percent of the total geographical area has waste lands and only 10% of the total area is irrigated. The productivity of principal crops is very poor because of the poor soil fertility and rainfall dependent risk prone agriculture. The receptivity to new technology is very low and there is need to promote the entrepreneurial spirit.


A large number of excellent technologies, most importantly, crops, animals, fishes, varieties/breeds, crop production, protection (pest and disease management), nutrient and water management, equipment’s and implements for efficient agricultural practices were developed by the scientists under NARS to address the location, crop and commodity specific problems in a continuum mode accelerating agricultural growth in the form of:

v              High yielding and resilient plant varieties for different agro climatic conditions.

v              Improved animal, poultry and fish breeds/ strains.

v              Improved crop and animal husbandry package of practices.

v              Improved and efficient tools, farm machinery, equipments and post-harvest technologies.

v              Efficient technology packages for Natural Resource Management (NRM).

v              Improved dairy, poultry and fisheries production and protection technologies.

v              Vaccines and diagnostic packages to manage/ control plant and animal diseases.

v              Processes and products in Agriculture, Fisheries, Poultry, Piggery, Dairy, Goatery and allied sectors.

So far, very few technologies have been converted into a business. Most of the technologies developed by the NARS are being available freely to the public and private sectors for their commercialization and this happen to be the primary reason for the lack of business interest in ICAR-SAUs developed technologies by business/industry. Some of the reason which came in the way for the commercialization of technologies are lack of institutionalization of the process, mechanism of forging partnership being too bureaucratic, lack of awareness in the industrial sector as well as farmers level about the utility of the benefits that can accrue from these technologies, lack of publicity of the technology developed by ICAR-SAUs, absence of guideline for public private partnership and absence of trust in industry partners due to experience in the past as the technologies developed by ICAR-SAUs have been misappropriated by the industry without acknowledging the efforts made by the research organizations or sharing the benefits accrued.

The primary purpose is to disseminate the technologies at a faster rate and it is very well established that whenever public institute breed variety or hybrid has been taken up at commercial scale by the industry, it has not only reached the farmers in covering larger areas but has also resulted in increased production and productivity to the farmers. Therefore, there is need for complimenting the strengths of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for farmers, consumers and institution welfare and a “Win-Win” situation for commercial viability and economic growth of agriculture as an industry where farmer will immensely benefit. In this project entrepreneurs are being identified to develop agribusiness activities in Jharkhand state by selecting appropriate technologies.

The Business Planning & Development Unit at Birsa Agricultural University was established under the National Agricultural Innovation Project of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, with the objective of promoting entrepreneurship in agribusiness through commercialization of technologies developed in NARS. The BPD Unit works as a one point service contact for all the members availing the services for any kind of agri-technology assistance and consultancy needs. It also functions to provide under one roof all the elements of the agribusiness ecosystem which a start up company requires like:

1. Technology support

2. Business planning and strategy formulation

3. Training and Handholding support

4. Backward linkage

5 .Networking, Promotion and brand building support

6. Financial Linkages

7. Market linkage services

The BPD Unit is an agribusiness incubator, meant to provide professional business consultancy to farmers, agri-entrepreneurs for promotion of agribusiness in the state through innovative and market oriented technologies.